Embarking on a Dream to Change the World
Written by Wonick Park, Reporter | Translated by Eugine Chung | Edited by Mike Jaffe
“The plan is to field test in 200 villages in eastern Tanzania with 4,000 children for 15 months. We will look to see if children can learn on their own using tablets. The software development is done by the startups that I will soon introduce. These are teams that have been thinking creatively and out-of-the-box. If they succeed, there will be incredible change — a true moonshot.”
On June 21st (local time), Matt Keller, the director of the Global Learning XPRIZE, introduced the 11 semifinalist teams at EdTechxEurope, the largest education technology conference in Europe held in London, United Kingdom, and applause filled the room. The attendees included various experts in the field of education technology, including the global head of Google Play Education Apps, the Program Director of IBM’s Watson Cognitive Science, and the IT Director of Oxford University.
The Global Learning XPRIZE is an international competition run by the world’s largest nonprofit venture foundation, XPRIZE. The goal of the competition is to develop a software that will enable children in regions with teacher or school shortages to teach themselves basic reading, writing and arithmetic. Elon Musk, CEO of Tesla, and others have donated towards the US$15 million award. Of the 198 teams that entered the competition, only 11 teams have advanced as semi-finalists. Five finalist teams will be announced on September 17th at the 2017 Social Good Summit, at which point the software they developed will be open-sourced for wider use.
Enuma, the startup created by a Korean entrepreneur, has advanced to the semi-finalist stage and is looking to win the competition. Enuma is an education technology startup that was cofounded in Silicon Valley in 2012 by former NC Soft employee Sooinn Lee and her colleague and husband, Gunho Lee. The education app Todo Math, launched in June 2013, gained the spotlight for ranking #1 in the Apple App Store’s education category in over 20 countries, including the US and China. Todo Math is also recognized in the education industry as it is used in around 1,000 US elementary school classrooms. Capital raised from global venture capitals such as K9 Ventures, TAL Education Group, Softbank Ventures has totaled US$5 million. I met with Sooinn Lee at Enuma’s Berkeley headquarters, where she is striving to “improve the world” with education software.
Sooinn Lee, CEO, who I met at Enuma’s headquarters in Silicon Valley Berkeley / Wonick Park, Reporter
－You seem very busy with the XPRIZE competition preparation.
“Three team members will be going to Tanzania again this weekend. We are also preparing for the Android launch of Todo Math in China. When I look back on my old job in Korea where I worked for ten years, even though there were quite a lot of international business trips, Korea, U.S. and China were each a separate business unit. But now it feels like I work in a borderless world.
It’s surreal to work in English and in multiple countries. We have team members in offices in the US, Korea and China and in mid-September, the XPRIZE finalist announcement will take place in New York. In October, I will also be participating in a conference held by the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation.”
－It must not be easy to create education content for the global market.
“Our app is in over 150 countries through the Apple App Store. Unlike apps of the past, there is not a high barrier to entry. Todo Math is currently available in 8 languages. English, Korean and Chinese are created in-house, but for the other languages, we work with a localization agency to create the voice files and apply them.
With Apple’s support, Todo Math is often installed in devices showcased in Apple stores around the world. The software that we are developing for the XPRIZE competition, Kitkit School, is receiving inquiries from an Indian nonprofit organization and an east-African education entity.”
－Having team members with the right skills must be important.
“We are a unique team comprised of immigrants, bilinguals, etc. Of our 20 team members, most of us have experienced some form of failure in a foreign country, which makes us better at understanding others who are different. Several of us are also parents of children with special needs. Although we are a team that doesn’t neatly belong to one country, we have the ability to identify the smallest problems and solve them.
The Global Learning XPRIZE was not an easy challenge, as we had to create a software in Kiswahili and English. But we had the belief that our team was in the best position to solve this problem. It’s a team that has created education content (Todo Math) that is renowned in the developed world as well as other products that effectively support children with special needs.”
Sooinn Lee, CEO and her team are in a meeting in the office. / Wonick Park, Reporter
“UNESCO has attempted to solve Africa’s education problem with digital devices for the past 30 years, but it has not been able to demonstrate success. Most of these attempts used computers, but as the computer is a difficult machine to use, it required separate training. Digital illiteracy was the barrier.
Meanwhile, tablet hardware prices have dropped to around $50 per device, creating an environment where digital devices can be widely used. XPRIZE foundation, UNESCO, the UN World Food Programme, and the government of Tanzania started the Global Learning XPRIZE competition. Seeing that XPRIZE’s approach is to focus on the software, I decided to take on the challenge to help children.
To assess whether Kitkit School is helping children in Tanzania, Enuma conducted two field tests while developing Ktikit School. With the support of KOICA and partnership with the international relief and development organization Good Neighbors, the test was conducted with 640 children.”
－What was Tanzania’s education environment like?
“There are a lot of misconceptions about what children in Tanzania know or don’t know. About 50% of children in Tanzania do not know what a lion is when shown an illustration of a lion. Children in developed countries know what a lion is by watching TV, but the children we worked with did not have the opportunity to be exposed to such information.
I am encouraged that the children who were exposed to Kitkit School started to come to school every day. Because schools can be located far away and children are often asked to work at home, absenteeism is high. But children find Kitkit School fun. Our experience in developing Todo Math for children with special needs in our early days helped. We spent a lot of time thinking, putting ourselves in the shoes of children in Tanzania, asking what would be common sense for them.”
－It there a secret sauce of making great education software?
“I believe we are one of the best in the world in terms of UI/UX design. We do a lot of research into what is familiar and natural to humans. We are continuously pushing ourselves to figure out how to teach concepts with images, without using letters.
According to UNESCO, of the 250 million children who cannot read, 190 million attend school. The brains of these children are not ready to learn yet. Just to be able to read a word, the brain needs the ability to decipher the symbol, process it, then connect what is being seen to sound. Because language is taught verbally in Africa, there are many children who have not had the opportunity to build their ability to connect letters to sound.”
－Could you give a specific example?
“We carefully designed Kitkit School’s UI/UX, paying attention to details, such as tracing the alphabet on sand or counting rocks on grass. Children are familiar with sand, rocks, and grass. There are also features like tracking the text as it is read aloud, and when the word is pressed, it is repeated aloud. We tried to replicate the experience of a parent reading to a child.
We are also conducting user research in parallel. The quality of education content for children in Africa is often low. We try to provide content of a quality similar to what children in developed countries use.
－ Were there times children reacted differently from what you anticipated?
“XPRIZE sent us some recorded footage of their pilot test of our product. Most kids began to engage in the educational games from the moment they unlocked the tablets, but there were a few children who could not proceed forward. When we looked carefully, we could see that they were pressing the camera button and did not know what to do as their screen only showed the photo of the floor. Never having seen a photo or a camera, they did not understand the concept of a 2D image that captures reality.
We had prided ourselves on the idea that we don’t take things for granted with regard to our users, but we realized that we might be repeating the same mistake of assuming what the users know, which is something that has been happening for a long time in education. When you’re raised in a developed country, it is easy to lose touch with what is innately natural and obvious to a human being. This lack of sensitivity is why past efforts have failed.”
Global Learning XPRIZE semifinalists teams. 11 teams, including Enuma’s, were selected out of 198. The finalist announcement will be made on September 17th. / Captured from XPRIZE website.
－ Your startup was founded in Silicon Valley.
“I am grateful for the size of the dream that Silicon Valley demands. I think working in Silicon Valley also helps build one’s confidence. When I was just starting out, I used to say ‘I am a former game designer and now I want to create education apps for children with special needs’ and to my surprise everyone I met gave positive feedback and that helped me in ways beyond I can imagine.
It seems like it was less about assessing whether the business will work or not, but about helping selflessly in any way they can — for example, making introductions to a special education teacher in their network. The environment, including venture capitalists, is encouraging.”
－I heard your first investor helped you a lot.
“Manu Kumar of K9 Ventures, a Silicon Valley venture capitalist, was a huge help. Before I founded Enuma, I created an app designed for children with special needs in partnership with my former workplace, a Korean gaming company. Manu saw that product and looked for the team that created it. Manu is a Stanford University PhD and an expert in the field of Human-Computer Interaction.
‘There are two reasons why you should start a company in Silicon Valley. One is that you can receive a lot of help here. The second reason is because it’s the place where you can be most successful,’ he said. ‘It’s a place where people with good ideas are encouraged to dream bigger. That’s the power of Silicon Valley.’ If it were not for Manu, I probably would be an indie developer, working alone.”
－How is Silicon Valley different from Korea?
“The definition of a ‘big dream’ here is not about being financially successful but about changing the world. Even in my case, my dream kept growing — from creating an app that helps children with special needs, to creating an app that children with and without special needs can use together, to creating exceptional educational software, to tackling world illiteracy. I started with a lot of disadvantages. I did not have any knowledge on how to start a business, didn’t speak English fluently, didn’t know anything about American law — I didn’t even have a U.S. bank account. What I had was that I was a mother of a child who was not well.
In Korea, people tend to see the shortcomings first. “Raising your child is what you need to work on. If your child is not well, you need to focus on that. Why are you working when your child is not well?” These are some of the common things I’ve heard. Here in the US, people around me and investors tirelessly worked to help build my network. Little by little, they pulled me up and nurtured me to grow. “Why do you think you can’t succeed? You have a great story. You’ll have stronger commitment,” is what I heard in Silicon Valley.
－Were there any challenging times?
“About a year and half into founding Enuma. It was before the product was launched. I was pitching to an east coast investor and he said, “You are in the education business. Shouldn’t a white male who has a related degree be doing it? Do you think you can be convincing as an immigrant who cannot even speak English well?” In 2013, we won the Best Design award at San Francisco’s Launch Education and Kids Conference. It was an award that comes with an investment opportunity, but we did not receive any. I struggled as I felt I was personally holding back our great product.
I have come to a realization since then — the most common language used in the world is broken English [laughs]. The past five years have been a learning journey.”
－ Do you have a management philosophy?
“Our team members work from home regularly or occasionally bring their children to work. For some team members, they come to the office on Tuesdays and Thursdays and work from home on the other days of the week. The way we work is slightly different from a typical workplace. At first, I was worried as to whether we could work like this, but now I ask myself, ‘If we can’t do it then who can?’ We are doing what others are not doing but I am no longer afraid about it [on the date of the interview, Sooinn came to work with her five-month-old second child]. As a parent, one really frees up for work after getting the children to school and after they go to bed.
I try to think about why we are here. We have an exceptional team. Our COO Eugine Chung is a Stanford MBA. Other team members include Harvard and UC Berkeley graduates and a former UNICEF staff member. Each are amazing team members. The reason they gave up the potential for a higher salary and chose to work here is because of the value of creating products for children for whom learning is a struggle.”
Enuma conducted two field tests in Tanzania. With KOICA’s support and partnership with international aide agency Good Neighbors, 640 students were involved. / Provided by Enuma.
－I can see Enuma’s true colors.
“Some people say, ‘Once open sourced, you won’t be able to generate revenue, so why compete in the Global Learning XPRIZE?’ My response — ‘I created this company to do this kind of work.’ To those who point out that we seem to work ‘loosely,’ I tell them, ‘That’s why we are here.’
Actually, if you think about why people work, a large part of it is to put food on the table and raise our children well. I try not to forget this. And because I manage the company with this belief, it resonates with our team members in their 30s and 40s. There is no separate process for requesting vacation, we simply notify others on our internal bulletin board, for instance: ‘Taking morning off to take son to dentist.’ We don’t question, we don’t give a hard time. We work flexibly without rigid policies in place.”
－What is Enuma’s goal?
“We want anyone and everyone to be able to have at least 2nd grade level reading and math skills. We think that is the starting point. Having this 2nd grade education would allow people to be able to ride the bus on their own, buy something at the store and give the right change, read basic signs. If children with special needs or children in extreme poverty are given this opportunity, it provides the foundation for them to continue learning on their own.
For most children, learning is not a fun process. I want to demonstrate to the world that our product can be the best solution in helping children minimize struggles in learning.”
－What advice would you give to a future entrepreneur?
“On one occasion, I had to introduce myself and I said, ‘my husband and I are operating a nascent education material manufacturing plant.’ My father owns his own business and when you hear the word ‘business owner,’ one naturally associates words like ‘hard work’ and ‘labor.’ On the other hand, if you use the word ‘startup,’ one can forget the core of what startups are all about. Startups are also businesses. You hire people, you work, balance the books, meet your responsibilities to people who lent you money, and must work hard to make money. You can go down very quickly if you are not sensitive to this.
Whether it’s in Silicon Valley or in Korea, the core of businesses are the same. You need to remember that startups are businesses. There’s nothing fancy in startups. Your personal or product weaknesses cannot be masked by being in Silicon Valley. I often meet people who seem to have a fantasy, but Silicon Valley is not a magical place. One needs to stay real.”
About Sooinn Lee
Graduated Seoul National University with a Fine Arts degree and worked as a game designer at NC Soft. She co-founded Enuma in 2012 in the U.S. with husband Gunho Lee, who graduated from the same university with a degree in engineering and worked at NC Soft as an engineer. She first gained the spotlight following the release of Todo Math, a math education app created for all children (including those with special needs), which reached number 1 in the Apple App Store’s education/children category in over 20 countries and was awarded “2016 App of the Year” for Google Play Korea. Currently, she is competing in the Global Learning XPRIZE competition, run by the XPRIZE Foundation, which holds other competitions including the Lunar XPRIZE.